Metal detecting is a kind of hobby that may bring you lots and lots of fun and a feeling of being a real treasure seeker. Anyways, every treasure seeker should start with something. In case you feel it is a proper hobby that would bring joy and excitement in your life, it’s right time to choose the main tool – metal detector. In order to make good decision, it’s rather important to find out about some basic things about metal detectors functioning.
How do metal detectors work?
Normally, such device consists of control box, stabilizer and antenna attached to the shaft.
- Control box is an essential part that includes microprocessor operating the whole detector, controls which allow adjusting settings according to the user’s needs, a battery, readout and speakers.
- Stabilizer literally stabilizes detector to make the usage smooth.
- Antenna, also known as coil, is situated at the bottom of a detector. It is a part that is responsible directly for detecting metals.
Now, as you know the basic elements of a detector, it’s getting easier to understand the principle of its work. The point is a magnetic field transmitted by a detector. It reflects from metal objects and when a receiver catches the reflected signal it becomes possible to locate metals. When metal is disclosed, speakers produce special sound to inform about the finding.
In case we speak about metal detecting technology, two various types of it could be detached: pulse induction and very low frequency (VLF). Pulse induction is a modern technology that is mainly used in metal detectors nowadays. It can penetrate quite deep underground and has rather high accuracy. VLF devices are usually cheaper, but still have several pros, especially if used for hobby. Having great accuracy, they locate different kinds of metals and are urgent for those who strongly deliberate hunting real gold treasures. The strict comparison of VLF and pulse induction technology is fairly useless, because every treasure hunter picks a metal detector for their own needs.
Now, as you are more considerate about structure and different types of metal detectors, there is a link to an excellent article that includes some metal detectors reviews which could be helpful both for newcomers and experienced hobbyists. [link here]
Something else we must consider
Finally, there’s one more point as important for treasure search as choosing an appropriate device. Metal detecting tools are necessary wherever you go for making your search safe and comfortable. So what is needed?
- Shovel is used to dig out findings. Certainly, you shouldn’t dig with big gardening shovel; shops that cater metal detecting hobby propose a range of special tools including small spades that could be carried in the pocket.
- Pinpointer is a mini-copy of your metal detector. It doesn’t penetrate deep, but it can detect the placement of your finding with really high accuracy, so you don’t have to make big holes and look over large amount of soil.
- Headphones are rather convenient in case you’d like to concentrate directly on research. It’s also a great idea to wear them if you don’t want to scarify or attract surrounding people to your activity.
- Gloves. As far as you work in the ground, gloves save your hands from unexpected injuries and dirt.
All the tools mentioned above could be bought separately, though it may be a good thing to buy a metal detector kit that includes all of them, or sometimes even some additional items. Such kits are widely available at online shops and auctions.
How to start metal detecting
Finally, you are fully equipped and it’s time to begin detecting. What to start with? First of all, an appropriate place of research matters. Of course you can start looking for treasure in our own garden, but it doesn’t make much sense. As long as you are truly determined finding precious metals or archeological artifacts, it might be a wonderful idea to make previous investigation at the local library. There, attentive reader may find information about ancient settlements of the area, old buildings that were destroyed or shipwrecks. Such places are definitely worth to start with, they might bring lots of sudden and valuable findings. Eventually, if you are not in a mood to dig deep in the books and itchy to start digging the soil there are some useful tips that help you choose a good place for detecting. Try to start with:
- Local parks. People often loose valuable things in places like these. You may detect some costly stuff like earrings or bracelets, but don’t be surprised digging for a toy car or an iron nail.
- Beaches are really great for metal detecting, but because of the thick layer of sand it could be really hard to find something worthwhile. When detecting at a beach follow the next simple rules. Search where people mainly have rest, there’s a good chance of modern findings. Come to a beach at low tide, it’s possible to find things brought by water from the depth of the sea. The same corresponds to times after storm – astounding stuff may be discovered. Besides, every beach has an area with solid surface under a thin layer of sand and it’s one of the best places for metal detecting with variety of recent or even old things to find. Don’t forget to search near boathouses or places where shipwrecks occurred! It’s also important to be aware whether a beach is public or private. In case you are going to detect at a private beach you have to ask for permission.
- Historic sites are a nice idea as well. If it is allowed, search near ancient relics, abandoned castles or old churches. Some artifact of a really great importance might be discovered there. In case you find an ancient coin or a piece of medieval armor show them to historians so they could tell the exact cultural value of your finding.
- Unpopulated or desolated areas are also a destination for a metal seeker. Simply a usual field in the countryside used for a long time may bring a lot of joyful surprises.
Certainly, not only area is important when metal detecting. Some junior hobbyists are discouraged after several days of hard work with zero result and a pocket full of trash. Here are some helpful tips from professional metal seekers that provide an opportunity to become more successful and skilled in this hobby.
- Hold the coil as parallel to the land as possible, because holding it angled makes it difficult for the signal to penetrate deep into the ground and small pieces of metal could be skipped.
- Walk slowly and try to overlap each sweep in order not to skip something.
- In case you are looking for precious metals set your discrimination levels low. This way, you will definitely dig out a lot of trash, but there’s no other possibility to find something really valuable. Never give up and don’t hesitate to dig! Although, while searching at beaches discriminating level should be high to ignore the salt.
- Finding nonmetallic fossils and relics may be a good sign too. Keep up digging, there’s always a possibility to get ancient coins or other interesting findings at such places.
- In case you are going to dive with your metal detector make sure it is waterproof and don’t forget to buy special headphones that work underwater.
- Do not leave any holes in the ground and take away the trash you’ve dug out. It’s an essential rule for every treasure hunter!
Now when you know some basic things about metal detecting you may choose a device suitable exactly for you and try to do your best in finding a real treasure or just some funny things. This hobby could be quite tricky, but it brings lots of fun and joy.